First-grader Malone Rongner has lately been having a revelation: it’s not just his teacher who speaks Spanish, but other people, too. Supervised Fieldwork/Advisement: Student teachers will be placed in monolingual English and dual language Spanish or Mandarin and English classrooms both at the grade 1 through 3 level, and at the grade 4 through 6 level, covering both general and special education settings.
Most bilingual secondary schools are TVWO (Bilingual Preparatory Scientific Education), but THAVO (Bilingual Higher General Secondary Education) and TVMBO-TL (Bilingual Preparatory Vocational Education – Technical Learning Pathway) 27 have been introduced, too.
In the province of British Columbia , the city of Vancouver since 2002 has established a new bilingual Mandarin Chinese-English immersion programme at the elementary school level in order accommodate Vancouver’s both historic and present strong ties to the Chinese-speaking world, already in itself having a very sizeable Chinese population local to the city.
However, convincing recent evidence that bilingual education programs and English-only programs in US public schools are similarly effective in their impacts on student achievement suggests that it could be more productive to shift the focus from the language of instruction to the quality of instruction.
Researchers do not have data on all the variables that affect participation, and because some of these variables also affect student achievement, conventional estimates of participation in bilingual education will suffer from omitted variables bias.