Students interested in this minor should consult home college advisors and secure permission from the Bilingual-Bicultural Education Program to enroll. The first bilingual teachers were trained on the job, primarily by their own experience and via networking opportunities and local conferences. Bilingual curricula emerged as a response to the sink-or-swim” mentality some schools once took toward English learners, causing many students to fall behind.
The course emphasizes the value of teacher research through which critical issues in the fields of ESL and bilingual education of Latinos in particular are investigated. Before the English-only instruction bill’s passage in 2002, the most common way schools served students learning English was through a program called transitional bilingual education.
Willig concluded that the better the experimental design of the study, the more positive were the effects of bilingual education. We also develop bilingual programmes tailored specifically for ministries of education and groups of schools in certain countries, for example in Egypt, Mongolia and Kazakhstan.
For example, the San Diego Unified School District has dozens of dual-language programs in elementary schools, while Fresno Unified offers just a few even though its share of English learners is higher. A baccalaureate degree from a regionally accredited U.S. institution of higher learning or a degree from a non-U.S. institution of higher education that is judged equivalent to a U.S. baccalaureate degree by the International Admissions Office.
Students whose parents refused services for the mandated Bilingual Education Program are supported by ESOL services at their respective neighborhood schools. Compared to the conventional approach of aggressively drilling English into kids’ minds, bilingual education is harder to get right, perhaps, but more ambitious as a social project.